East Africa: FAO and IGAD Meet On the Uptake of Biological Control for Pest Management in East Africa

Kampala, Uganda — Experts from the Food and Agriculture Organisation Sub-regional Office for Eastern Africa (FAO SFE), the Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD), as well as global actors on biological controls, on June 27th held a consultation meeting on the uptake of biological control and the use of biologicals for management of pests of plants in Eastern Africa.

While speaking at the meeting, Charles Owach, the assistant FAO representative/Programmes in Uganda said that embracing ecological approaches to pest management is crucial to enhancing food security and nutrition and safeguarding environmental and human health. Biological control and biopesticides can effectively manage plant pests and contribute positively to agricultural production and productivity in Uganda.

“This sub-regional consultative meeting involving a multi-disciplinary team of senior officials from nine countries in Eastern Africa should galvanize various thoughts to look at the challenges and benefits associated with using biological control and bio-pesticides in pest management. This is important, relevant, and timely given Uganda’s pest and disease status quo and current food insecurity situations,” Owach said.

“I hope the meeting will not only look at opportunities and challenges for the uptake of biological control and biologicals in the management of field pests but also consider the potential of biologicals for the management of pests that damage crop commodities after harvest,” he added.

Crop losses due to pests are increasing at an alarming rate, necessitating the use of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies that are environmentally friendly and sustainable. The use of biological control agents is by far the most ecosystem-friendly, sustainable and cost-effective method of pest management.

Using biological control and biologicals in pest management in agricultural production is an approach to reducing synthetic chemical pesticides and the associated adverse effects on human health and the environment.

However, the uptake and use of biological pest control measures are constrained by various factors that need to be addressed to realize its potential in Eastern Africa, including; Inadequate knowledge and awareness, the lack of appropriate infrastructure and resources to support the implementation of biological control, the presence of complex agro-ecological systems in Eastern Africa can make it difficult to predict the efficacy of biological control agents in different environments, and the weak regulatory frameworks to ensure the safe and effective use of biological control agents.